Union through its security research framework programme (FP7). The Finnish Border Guard was responsible for defining the needs of the end-users of the project and participated in many other research tasks of the project. At the conclusion of the project, representatives of the Finnish Border Guard assessed the demonstrations of new equipment and processes from the perspective of border authorities. The assessment was carried out by Major Tero Hirvonen from the Headquarters of the Finnish Border Guard, and Dr Minna Jokela from the Border and Coast Guard Academy. At a kiosk at Vienna Airport There are two kiosks and two gates in the incoming traffic lounge at Vienna Airport, where the majority of pas-sengers arrive on a bus from the aero-planes. This caused the travellers to enter the border check in large groups. During our assessment visit, the auto-mat was used to test a process where the travellers first register at a kiosk and then move to the gates. The kiosk was equipped with a passport reader and fa-cial recognition camera. The traveller’s face works as biometric identification at the gate, eliminating the need to read the passport again. The traveller moved to a gate that opened if the register checks did not return any alerts. Citizens of countries outside the EU can also use the FastPass system. There was a fingerprint reader in the kiosk that took fingerprints from two fingers. The immigration interview of third-country citizens was handled by the kiosk, on the screen of which they filled in a query form. After registering, they used the gate in the same way as EU citizens. The demonstration at Vienna Airport involved the testing of other technology developed in the FastPass project. The queue identification based technology, for example, is based on the basic research done during the project. 50 RAJAMME VARTIJAT It allows the management of crowds of travellers and the identification of ex-ceptional behaviour. We observed the airport demon-stration when assessing the attractive-ness of the FastPass gates. At the first sign of a queue at the manual inspec-tions, the travellers were enthusiastic to try out the automated line. And when a queue formed at the FastPass kiosks, more and more people joined the auto-mated queue. Indeed, it seems as if the new technology interests travellers. From a kiosk on a cruise ship to the gate in the Port of Piraeus The demonstration for the sea border for carried out on a cruise ship in the Mediterranean, where ships mainly operate from one island to another and only rarely go outside the Schengen area. The passengers on these cruise ships are European tourists. In Greece, for example, there is a problem of too few border police officers on the islands. A ship may stop at a port only for a few hours, during which time thousands of passengers disembark and board the ship simultaneously. This means that there is need for a smooth border check system. The FastPass demonstration was carried out in the Port of Piraeus. The border check process was two-stage, with the registration kiosk located on the cruise ship, next to the vessel’s in-formation desk under the monitoring of the ship personnel. The passengers had plenty of time to register during the cruise. After the ship arrived in port, the passports of the passengers no longer needed to be read; instead, the face pho-tographed during registration was used as biometric identification. Placing a registration kiosk on the vehicle of a transport operator was an interesting trial that provided results that can also be used in border checks performed on other vehicles. Could there be a kiosk, for example, on aero-planes on intercontinental flights or on trains crossing the Schengen border? In both cases, the passengers have plenty of time, allowing even one kiosk to ser-vice a large number of travellers. If the kiosk were to be located on a means of transport, its control should be flawless. A lightweight, easily movable ABC gate was tested in Piraeus. Dismantling the gate from operational status to a movable status took 6.5 minutes. The user interface of the border guard can be operated on a tablet computer. Gate solution for the vehicle line in Moravita The land border demonstration was car-ried out at the Moravita border crossing point between Romania and Serbia. In Moravita, the typical travellers are local Registration kiosks of the FastPass project at the Vienna Airport.
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